Type of cartoons based on their function is divided into three, namely: cartoon humor (gag cartoon), editorial or political cartoons (political cartoon) and social cartoons (social cartoon).
Cartoon humor is a cartoon that – functioning merely entertain – lift humor that has been generally understood by the society even not infrequently used as a satire on everyday phenomena that occur in society, so the cartoon is somewhat similar type of social cartoons focus only difference at humor.
Cartoonist modern humor found in magazines and newspapers. In general, modern humor cartoonists consistently in a single image with text at the bottom of the image or by using a balloon of words. Some believe that the cartoonist from New York that Peter Arno, the father of modern humor cartoons. Other humor cartoonist who entered in the records of humor is a cartoonist Charles Addams, Gary Larson, Charles Barsotti, Chon Day and Mel Calman. Especially for editorial or political cartoons often encountered in various print media such as newspapers, tabloids and magazines, which raised the topic of politics associated with the condition that highlight behavior or government policy. Another function of the editorial cartoon is to shake up public opinion or dramatize a story. Editorial cartoon is a variation of the cartoons that many we find in most of the mass media especially the print media, although they also use humor, they use more serious themes, sometimes even using something that irony and satire. Art, especially art usually has a part as a visual metaphor to illustrate the views of social and political topics. Editorial cartoons often include balloons and the words sometimes use more than one panel. Some cartoonists are included in the editorial cartoonist is Herblock, Mike Peters, David Low and Gerald Scarfe.
Political cartoons are not merely serve as illustrations that are full sharp criticism, but it is a medium for reflection of a problem. Social cartoons raised more social phenomena that occur in society, the form is not always satire or criticism but can be a description of the everyday life of society.
A competitive cartoonist must meet certain requirements, there are three elements that must be met, including: competition in the field of technical / artistic, competition in the field of observation or observation and competition in the field of jokes. Especially for the second element of a cartoonist is a person who has the ability to observe various phenomena and the problem carefully and accurately, especially regarding the detail and substance.
Comic strips are often referred to as a “cartoon strip” in Britain, found in some newspapers (daily) and consists of a short series of cartoon illustrations in the series.Cartoon strip cartoonist who wrestle in the UK not mentioned as a cartoonist, but even comic comedian, though comic strip creator who pursue including comic books and graphic novels appointed as cartoonist. Humor is not the only area for ongoing work in the cartoon strip for a few cartoonists use themes that are adventure and drama. Some of the cartoonists who pursue a cartoon strip in the early appearance include Charles Schulz, Bill Watterson, Scott Adams, Mort Walker and Steve Bell.
The scope of the cartoon comes from a variety of aspects of life that consists of history (history), something that is against the current (current affairs), social relationships (relationships), profession and occupation (profession and work), animal (animal) and science (science ).
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